If God had a wallet
Your picture would be in it

A Bible Study On
Christ In The Names of Jehovah God
(doctrine of mainline Christianity)
(a Bible Study concerning Christology- the Study About Jesus Christ)

(Click on the name of Jehovah here that you wish to study below)

Jehovah Names Descriptions of God Scriptures
Jehovah Rophe Our Lord who Heals Exodus 15:26
Jehovah Tsidkenu The Lord our Righteousness Jeremiah 23:6
Jehovah Shalom The Lord our Peace Judges 6:24
Jehovah Nissi The Lord our Banner Exodus 17:15
Jehovah Shammah The Lord is Present Ezekiel 48:35
Jehovah Tsaba (Sabaoth) The Lord of Armies Isaiah 44:6
Jehovah Jireh The Lord will Provide Genesis 22:14
Jehovah Rohi The Lord is my Shepherd Psalms 23:1
Jehovah Mekeddeshem The Lord Who Sanctifies Leviticus 20:7-8
Jehovah Adonai The Lord Our Master Genesis 15:4
Jehovah Elohim The Lord Our Creator Genesis 1:1



The names of Jehovah God here are not to be confused with the Christian cult of the Jehovah's Witnesses.

What is in a name? Have you discovered what your name really means? My name, Kraig, means strong and enduring, like a rock. Whatever your name means, I imagine that it is special like you are. Since the middle ages in the western civilization most folks have at least two names. Your first name is called your Christian name. Your last name is called your sur name or family name. Therefore your immediate identity is tied in with your family of origin.

God does not come from a family so He does not have a family name. Also there is only one God so He does not really need a name.

"This is what the Lord, Israel's King and Redeemer, the Lord Almighty, says:
I am the First and the Last; there is no other God.
Who else can tell you what is going to happen in the days ahead? Let them tell you if they can and thus prove their power. Let them do as I have done since ancient times.
Do not tremble; do not be afraid. Have I not proclaimed from ages past what My purposes are for you? You are my witnesses- is there any other God? No! There is no other Rock- not one!"
(Isaiah 44:6-8 Living Bible).
Because He is so great and infinite He does not have a human name. A name is a human invention and we do not need to drag God down to our mere earthly level to give Him one. It is hard for a human being (like you and me) with a finite mind to understand (God) the infinite.

Here's the Biblical account of God's name:

"Now go, for I am sending you to Pharaoh. You will lead my people, the Israelites, out of Egypt."

"But who am I to appear before Pharaoh?" Moses asked God. "How can you expect me to lead the Israelites out of Egypt?"
Then God told him,

"I will be with you. And this will serve as proof that I have sent you: When you have brought the Israelites out of Egypt, you will return here to worship God at this very mountain."
But Moses protested, "If I go to the people of Israel and tell them, `The God of your ancestors has sent me to you,' they will not believe me. They will ask, `Which god are you talking about? What is His name?' Then what should I tell them?"
God replied,
"I AM THE ONE WHO ALWAYS IS". Just tell them, `I AM has sent me to you.'"
God also said, "Tell them, `The Lord, the God of your ancestors- the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob- has sent me to you.' This will be my name forever; it has always been my name, and it will be used throughout all generations.

(Exodus 3:10-15 Living Bible).

When God says that His name is the great I Am He is referring to His deity in the fact that He is eternally existent. That means that God does not have a beginning or an ending like mankind has. Each person on earth is born- he has a beginning. Each person on earth dies- he has an ending.

Most Christians understand the fact that this is God the Father from the Holy Trinity who is now talking with Moses. There is no doubt or confusion as to God's eternal existence or deity. God's name reflects His identity. Moses and the Israelites understood this perfectly clear.

Now, let's go to another passage of scripture in the New Testament that will also help us with this study.

Jesus answered,
"Truly, truly, before Abraham was,  I am."  (or also meaning) "The truth is, I existed before Abraham was even born!"
(John 8:58 Living Bible).
In this passage of scripture Jesus Christ uses the name, I AM, to let the folks know that He is God. It's a title of His deity. This is an important fact to note because the unsaved Jews knew exactly what Christ was claiming and wanted to kill Him because of it.

There is another passage of scripture in
Matthew 14:23-31 where Christ walks on the water and states again that He is the great "I Am".

However, later, God revealed to His chosen people, the Israelites, that He had chosen a name for Himself (that people could call Him). However, that name has been lost. The Israelite scribes considered that name to be so Holy that they refused to write it down in it's entirety when they copied their manuscripts. Rather, they only wrote four letters of that name. In English, the four letters are JHVH. These four letters are called the tetragrammaton. In the translation of those 4 letters from Hebrew to English the letter Y can be substituted for the letter J and the letter W can be substituted for the letter V. It reads YHWH. So no one knows what God's name really is. However, biblical scholars have come up with two names from the 4 letters. One name is Jehovah. The other name is Yahweh.

Now, don't read more into that than you should. In no way am I implying that God's holy word has errors in it or that there are apparent contradictions in it. God's word is inspired and it's holy and it's to be trusted as the one and only source on which to base one's faith.

This name appears 6,800 times in the Old Testament. In theology it is called the ineffible or unpronounceable name of God. The name of Adonai was eventually substituted for the tetragrammaton name by Jewish scribes.

So what is it that God told Moses in Exodus 3:14?
Well, let's take a closer look at it:
The main Hebrew word is "hazah" meaning "to become". God is the "Self Becoming One". This promotes the idea of revelation or self revelation. It also carries the idea of God being "the self existent one". Let us boil it all down.

An example might be that my name of Kraig means strong and enduring. God's name means this:
1). God is eternal- He is the great "I AM"
2). God is immutable or unchanging- He is and always will remain the great "I AM".
3). God is self sufficient and self existent. He does not need anything or anybody else for the purpose of His existence.
4). God is incomprehensible- we cannot fully understand God or His ways with our finite mind.

God is not a Person Who is a far away, transcendent Person who started the universe, wound it up, let it go, and then walked away from it letting it run on it's own. Rather, He is an imminent Person Who is always close and near to each of us to help guide, comfort, and teach us about Himself and His ways.

God revealed Himself in the Person of Jesus Christ. He is the embodiment of all of the Jehovah names in the Old Testament. It is a part of our study here in Christology.

Jehovah-Rophe (Rophecha)
Our Lord who Heals

Jehovah-Rophe - "Our Lord Who Heals" (Exodus 15:26).

Jesus Christ is Jehovah-Rophe. Jesus Christ is our Lord who heals.
He healed people of their sins, He healed their diseases, He healed their emotions, He healed many relationships, He healed their finances, He healed other situations. He raised the dead. There is nothing that He can't do. He heals today. Healing can be yours now if you ask Him for it in faith.

"And my God will meet all your needs according to His glorious riches in Christ Jesus"
(Philippians 4:19).

...Jesus replied, "Healthy people do not need a doctor- sick people do."
Then He added, "Now go and learn the meaning of this Scripture:
I want you to be merciful..."
(Matthew 9:12-13).

"The Spirit of the Lord is upon Me, for He has appointed Me to preach Good News to the poor. He has sent Me to proclaim that captives (slaves) will be released, that the blind will see, that the downtrodden will be freed from their oppressors,
...and that the time of the Lord's favor has come."

He rolled up the scroll, handed it back to the attendant, and sat down. Everyone in the synagogue stared at Him intently. Then He said,
"This Scripture has come true today before your very eyes!"
(Luke 4:18-21).

"Do not you realize that whatever you choose to obey becomes your master? You can choose sin, which leads to death, or you can choose to obey God and receive His approval.
Thank God! Once you were slaves of sin, but now you have obeyed with all your heart the new teaching God has given you.
Now you are free from sin, your old master, and you have become (love) slaves to your new master, righteousness."
(Romans 6:16-18).

"This is a true saying, and everyone should believe it: Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners- and I was the worst of them all"
(1 Timothy 1:15).

Some testimonies of healing

Jehovah Tsidkenu
The Lord our Righteousness

(Jeremiah 23:6).

"For the time is coming," says the Lord, "when I will place a righteous Branch on King David's throne. He will be a King who rules with wisdom. He will do what is just and right throughout the land.
And this is his name: The Lord Is Our Righteousness. In that day Judah will be saved, and Israel will live in safety."
(Jeremiah 23:5-6 Living Bible).

There was a revivalist king in Israel in the days of old. His name was Josiah. That just happens to be my middle name. I like that king. Jeremiah the prophet had a great ministry under his reign.

Jeremiah, in the above quoted scriptures, discusses a time in reference to the Second Coming of Christ. The Second Coming of Christ is in two parts:
1). the Rapture of the Church (before the Great Tribulation period)
2). the Second Advent (when Christ literally rules).

Jeremiah here means the time period of the Second Advent. This is a time when Jesus Christ, God the Son, the Son of David, Messiah, will establish His throne in Jerusalem over the entire world and rule there as King of Kings and Lord of Lords for 1,000 years.

Jehovah Shalom
The Lord our Peace

(Judges 6:24).

"And Gideon built an altar to the Lord there and named it "The Lord Is Peace"
(Judges 6:24 Living Bible).

Setting the background:
Here is the context. Israel was being oppressed by the Midianites. The Angel of God, the pre-incarnate Jesus Christ, came from Heaven to Gideon to call him to service doing His work. He planned to use Gideon to deliver Israel. At first, Gideon did not recognize the Angel of the Lord.

Gideon was full of anxiety and fear because of the Midianites. The peace of the Israelites was gone.

Christ spoke peace to him in verse 23. And in verse 24 Gideon built an altar to the Lord and named it after this name of God, "Jehovah Shalom" meaning "God is Peace!"

The application of this name is in three parts:
1). The peace that comes into a sinner's heart at conversion (the same time that Christ comes in). This is salvation peace. Read my salvation testimony if you so desire to understand how wonderful this experience was for me and how I wrongly thought it to be unattainable
(Revelation 3:20).
2). The Peace of God that surpasses all understanding. When a child of God goes through trials and oppressive circumstances Christ proves Himself to be real to that individual by help and comfort and by giving peace to that individual that should not be there in the normal. This peace is a gift from God and it is a wonderful help when needed the most
(Galatians 5:22).
3). Jesus Christ is the Prince of Peace. This is mainly a Messianic title for Him when He rules the world from Jerusalem for 1,000 years during His Messianic Reign (in the future from now) during His Second Coming. However, this title can also be applied to the truths in numbers 1 and 2 above.
(Isaiah 9:6).

"Be anxious for nothing, but in everything by prayer and supplication with thanksgiving let your requests be made known to God. And the peace of God, which surpasses all comprehension, will guard your hearts and your minds in Christ Jesus"
(Philippians 4:6-7).

Jehovah Nissi
The Lord our Banner

(Exodus 17:15).

"15 Moses built an altar there and called it "The Lord Is My Banner"
(Exodus 17:15).

Jehovah Nissi means the Lord Our Banner.

This is the story of a banner- a banner of blood. It is the story of the old rugged cross. It's the story of the victory of a saviour who is so mighty that He can even conquor death. And because He is so mighty- because He did battle against Satan and was victorious- He can be our general to lead us to victory over our enemies.

What is a banner? It's another name for a battle symbol. In Moses time it was a staff (a long stick). During the crusades in Europe during the middle ages it was a coat-of-arms painted on a crusader's battle shield. In recent times past it was a flag carried into battle. In more modern times it is an emblem painted on a war weapon such as a star painted on the side of an airplane to let everyone know that it belongs to and fights for the United States. In the Bible the banner is the blood of Jesus Christ. How can the Lord's blood be a battle symbol? And what is this all about? And how can it be relevant to you and to me? Well, bear with me and we will try to mine all of these nuggets of truth out of the Word of God together.

This is a story of warfare. It's a story of Jesus Christ going to battle for you and me. There is a description in the Bible of God putting on his armor before He goes out into the fight:

"The Lord looked and was displeased to find that there was no justice.
He was amazed to see that no one intervened to help the oppressed. So He Himself stepped in to save them with His mighty power and justice.
He put on righteousness as His body armor and placed the helmet of salvation on His head. He clothed Himself with the robes of vengeance and godly fury.
He will repay His enemies for their evil deeds"
(Isaiah 59:15-18 Living Bible).

The story has it setting in the Old Testament days when Moses was in command of 2-3 million Israelites in the desert right after they left Egypt. Remember, that Moses at one time in Egypt had been a military general so he knew warfare and battle techniques. But he had to set aside most of his self sufficiency and let God help him in this battle. Remember, that the Lord is Jehovah Sabaoth meaning the Lord of Armies (hosts). He is the greatest General of all. If we attempt to do all of the fighting in our self sufficiency we will only fail because our flesh is so weak, however, if we allow God to work through us then the battle will be assured. We must fight the battle but rely on God to help us.

And why did the Lord have to help them in all of this fighting? It was an object lesson for you and me to let us know that when we face our battles He is going to come to us and take command and help us do the fighting.

"While the people of Israel were still at Rephidim, the warriors of Amalek came to fight against them.
Moses commanded Joshua, "Call the Israelites to arms, and fight the army of Amalek. Tomorrow, I will stand at the top of the hill with the staff of God in my hand."
So Joshua did what Moses had commanded. He led his men out to fight the army of Amalek. Meanwhile Moses, Aaron, and Hur went to the top of a nearby hill.
As long as Moses held up the staff with his hands, the Israelites had the advantage. But whenever he lowered his hands, the Amalekites gained the upper hand.
Moses' arms finally became too tired to hold up the staff any longer. So Aaron and Hur found a stone for him to sit on. Then they stood on each side, holding up his hands until sunset.
As a result, Joshua and his troops were able to crush the army of Amalek.
Then the Lord instructed Moses, "Write this down as a permanent record, and announce it to Joshua: I will blot out every trace of Amalek from under heaven."
Moses built an altar there and called it "The Lord Is My Banner."
He said, "They have dared to raise their fist against the Lord's throne, so now the Lord will be at war with Amalek generation after generation"
(Exodus 17:8-16; Deuteronomy 25:17-19 Living Bible).

The Israelites were going on along just fine. However, they were in enemy territory. We may be going along in life just fine preaching His word and sharing His gospel with others (the Great Commission). But we must remember that Satan is the god of this world- we are in his (enemy) territory.

"They attacked you when you were exhausted and weary, and they struck down those who were lagging behind. They had no fear of God"
(Deuteronomy 25:18 Living Bible).

The Israelites were at Rephidim. The name means "Rests". The Amalekites symbolize the major enemies of the Christian today- the world, the flesh, and the devil.

All of a sudden the Amalekites attacked the helpless rear of the long line of Israelites. They killed many. It was a cowardly and needless attack. Don't be surprised when all of a sudden you are attacked by your enemies- the world, the flesh, or the devil. It may happen when you least expect it. When you are at rest. It may happen when you are at your weakest.

"When the enemy shall come in like a flood, the spirit of the Lord shall lift up a standard against him"
(Isaiah 59:19) (KJV).

When Satan, our enemy, comes against our life like a flood the Lord will lift up a blood stained banner against him to give us the victory. That standard (banner) is the blood of the Lord Jesus Christ. Satan cannot stand against the blood that defeated him on Calvary. So when he comes against you with all he's got then rebuke him in the name of Jesus Christ and plead the blood of Jesus over you and your own. You will be the victor not because of what you have done but because of the One who is victorious through you.

The battle was raging. As long as Moses held up his hands the battle was sure. Holding up our hands has several meanings.
We hold up our hands as a sign of surrender. If an enemy soldier points his gun at us and we hold up our hands it means that we surrender to him. It is always good for each of us to surrender to God. We surrender our self sufficiency, our self will, our doubts and fears.

Holding up our hands is also the position of praise. Many times the victory is gained by our praise to God. In spite of the worst of our conditions if we praise Him we may entirely gain the victory. Praise not only shows love to our Saviour but it's a sign to Him from each of us that we are entirely approving and trusting Him to work out our circumstance(s) according to His will and in His timing.

"But ye are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, a peculiar people; that ye should show forth the praises OF Him Who hath called you out of darkness into His marvellous light"
(1 Peter 2:9).

Jehovah Shammah
The Lord is Present

(Ezekiel 48:35).

"The distance around the entire city will be six miles. And from that day the name of the city will be "The Lord Is Present"
(Ezekiel 48:35).

Setting the background:
Ezekiel saw a vision of the New Jerusalem and Jesus Christ was there. Jesus Christ is- Jehovah-Shammah. He is "The Eternal God who is Present there."

"Teach these new disciples to obey all the commands I have given you. And be sure of this: I am with you always, even to the end of the age"
(Matthew 28:20).

Jesus Christ is not just a far away, transcendent Person who started the universe, wound it up, let it go, and then walked away from it- letting it run on it's own. Rather, He is an imminent Person who is always close and near to each of us to help guide, comfort, and teach us about Himself and His ways.

Jehovah Tsaba (Sabaoth)
The Lord of Armies (Hosts)

(Isaiah 44:6).

"This is what the Lord, Israel's King and Redeemer, the Lord of Armies, says: I am the First and the Last; there is no other God"
(Isaiah 44:6).

Don't confuse meekness with weakness. Jesus Christ was meek but He wasn't weak. I think that many times we look at the helpless Jesus hanging on the cross and we draw an unbalanced conclusion. Remember, that Jesus Christ is the Lord of Armies. Where do I get that idea? Let us look at His own words:
"Do not you realize that I could ask my Father for thousands of angels to protect us, and He would send them instantly?"
(Matthew 26:53).

He could have come off of that cross if He had wanted to and kicked some royal behinds. He is the General of Generals. The Commander of God's Armies. He is the Man. He is the One in Charge. The royal buck stops at Him. You don't get no higher than Him. That's right- the only thing hanging Him to that cross was not the Roman army. It was not the nails in His hands and feet. The only thing holding Him to that cross was LOVE. His great love for you and me. And He has not changed since that time. He still loves you and me today with the same intensity and dedication that He had on the cross.

Remember what the Lord of Armies did in Old Testament days:
But Moses told the people, "Do not be afraid. Just stand where you are and watch the LORD rescue you. The Egyptians that you see today will never be seen again.
The Lord Himself will fight for you. You will not have to lift a finger in your defense!"
(Exodus 14:13-14).

Satan tempts us
to bring out the worst in us
God tests us
to bring out the best in us

It is really important for you to ask the Lord to go to battle for you against your spiritual foes (the devil and his imps).

Jehovah Jireh
The Lord will Provide

(Genesis 22:14).

Abraham named the place "The Lord Will Provide." This name has now become a proverb: "On the mountain of the Lord it will be provided"
(Genesis 22:14).

There were five of us living in my family in the fall of 1988. We were living on faith with no visible source of income. My ministry had very little money coming in- not enough to live on. I was suffering from a damaged right ankle and could not work. We had bills coming due. We liked to eat on a regular basis. We were between a rock and a hard place. In the normal our circumstances looked hopeless and had us checkmated.

My wife and I had read a book on George Muller, an Englishman in the nineteenth century who had founded an orphanage on faith. Those were also the days of the faith missionaries when missionaries went on the foreign field with no visible means of support and God sustained them. George Muller had a philosophy. He would never ask a human being for money. Rather, he would only ask God for money while praying in his prayer closet. What were the results? The bills at the orphanage were paid and all of the orphans- hundreds of them- never missed a meal. I encourage you to read a book on George Muller sometime if you want to increase your faith.

Like George Muller, I agonized before the Lord in prayer. In response to our prayers, because my wife and children were praying too, God gave me a dream one night, but it was more like a vision. In the dream I saw the throne of God with God sitting on it. In his hand He had a white envelope full of money. He summoned an angel to approach Him. Then God gave the envelope to the angel with instructions to deliver it to me.

When I awoke the next morning I told my wife about my dream. We were sure it was a communication from God to us. We were sure that the answer to our prayers was on the way. On the earth God has no hands except human hands. I knew the Lord was going to use a human to work through but I just did not know who or when. So we waited about 3 days. Delay does not mean denial. No one knew about our needs because we had told no one except God.

Then I got a phone call from my friend, Cal Midgley, who lived about 120 miles away from me. I hadn't seen him in awhile. He told me that he wanted to see me and wanted me to drive over. I had enough gasoline in the car to make the trip so I drove over to his house. We had fellowship in the Lord and then he handed me a white envelope full of cash money. The envelope looked identical to the one I had seen in God's hand. Cal told me that he felt "impressed of the Lord" to donate the money to me. I was sure glad that he was obedient. I never told him about my need after I got the money but I did tell him "thank you". The divine blessing in a transaction like that is always on the giver and not on the receiver. And it was the good Lord who I thanked in my prayer closet as well. He never let George Muller down. He has never changed. He did not let me and my family down. And He will not let you down either if you will only trust Him completely with pure motives.

The amount of money was just enough to supply all of our needs for about a month or so. Wow, was I relieved. That money had come just at the right time. We praised God for being our Jehovah Jireh.

Some testimonies of provision

Jehovah Rohi
The Lord is my Shepherd

(Psalms 23:1)

"The Lord is my shepherd; I have everything I need"
(Psalms 23:1).

John 10:14-15

14 I AM the Good Shepherd, and know My sheep, and am known of Mine.

15 As the Father knoweth Me, even so know I the Father: and I lay down My life for the sheep.

Jehovah Mekeddeshem
The Lord Who Sanctifies

(Leviticus 20:7-8)

"So set yourselves apart to be holy, for I, the Lord, am your God.
Keep all My laws and obey them, for I am the Lord, Who makes you holy"
(Leviticus 20:7-8).

"...for you are a chosen people. You are a kingdom of priests, God's holy nation, His very own possession. This is so you can show others the goodness of God, for He called you out of the darkness into his wonderful light"
(I Peter 2:9).

Jesus Christ is The Lord Who Sanctifies (The One Who Makes You Holy).

The term used for sanctification can be interchanged with holiness as they have nearly the same meaning in Christianity.

Sanctification is in two parts. There is instant sanctification where a change is made instantly in a person due to the impartation of the new birth and a change in the person's nature from carnality to life with Christ. Then there is progressive sanctification which is a process. Living the Christian life takes a lot of practice and there is a lot of learning that needs to take place. And it's not easy. Sometimes there are tests that the Lord gives to us. The test score is not pass or fail. Rather, it is an indication to us of where we stand in holiness as compared to the holiness of Jesus Christ. This can take place over the period of a life time.

It's good to maintain balance here. God is always willing to do His part in our life but each of us must also do our part. It is not just a one sided effort. Each of us has free will. If a person wills to be unholy then God will woo that person with His love so the individual gets back on the right track again.

Here is how a believer in Christ is a biblical priest:
I have direct access to God
I represent God to others
I have dedicated my life to serving God

A link to my holiness sanctification web page

God reckons our service
not by our ability
but by our willingness

Jehovah Adonai
The Lord Our Master

(Genesis 15:2)

"And Abram said, Lord GOD (Lord, My Master), what wilt Thou give me, seeing I go childless, and the steward of my house is this Eliezer of Damascus"
(Genesis 15:2)?

Abram addresses God as Jehovah Adonai, the Lord My Master. Why? God is a big God and Abram has a small problem. Abram's faith flows toward His Master. Abram is a love slave to the One who owns him. It is a wonderful relationship with Abram to have with his Master and it is also a wonderful relationship for each of us to cultivate with our Master (Jehovah Adonai)- our Lord Jesus Christ.

The root
determines the fruit

Jehovah Elohim
The Lord Our Creator

(Genesis 1:1)

"In the beginning Jehovah Elohim (God) created the heavens and the earth"
(Genesis 1:1).

How does Jehovah Elohim speak of Christ?

"For by Him (Jesus Christ) were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers: all things were created by Him, and for Him"
(Colossians 1:16).


In conclusion I want to leave you with a scripture:

"Brethren, let us encourage one another to dedicate more of our time and energy
(Ephesians 5:16) to the hearing, understanding and application of God's Word
(Romans 10:17; Ephesians 5:17; Matthew 7:21; Romans 2:13; James 1:22) that we may
"grow in grace, and in the knowledge of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ"
(2 Peter 3:18).


If you need further encouragement.

Overcoming Discouragement
Tips on how to overcome discouragement.

Here are various testimonies that will help you with your faith.

Testimonies of Miracles
Do you need a miracle to happen in your life? God still works miracles. Maybe He has one for you...

A Man Trying To Get Away From God
Here is a true story about a wounded Christian who threw it all away and how he came back to God. This story may give you hope if you need it because God never stops loving and reaching out to those who are wounded.

Index of Salvation Articles

The Study of Jesus Christ

Click here to go to the master index page

The Global University Bible Teaching Series

If you want to study the Holy Bible online then this is the place to go to.


The Christian Counter
February 16, 2006