The Kraig Josiah Rice
Devotional Bible Commentary on Genesis

Genesis chapter 11

written by
Kraig J. Rice
www.7-star-admiral.com

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TABLE OF CONTENTS
(Clicking on these links will move you down this web page)
Genesis chapter eleven
  Gen. 11:1 - 2 Early Babylon
  King Nimrod
  About early Babylon
  Why should we study early Babylon?
  Why should we study the end times?
  Gen. 11:3 - 5 The tower of babel
  Gen. 11:6 - 9 The Watchers reported to God
  The word, Us, is a mis-translation
  Gen. 11:10 - 26 Blood line of Christ from Abram
  Gen. 11:27 - 32 Abram's family of origin
  The city of Ur of Babylonia
  Abram and his family
  The end of the Third Dispensation
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I mostly quote scriptures from the Old King James Translation of the Bible (the authorized 1611 version)
Many words on this web page are color coded:

The words of God are in red that symbolize His shed blood.
The words of Scripture are in purple that symbolize His royalty.
A devotional commentary is different from an exegetical commentary. In a devotional commentary like this one I can give the application of a verse rather than just the interpretation of a verse.






Genesis Chapter Eleven
Early Babylon

Note:
In this chapter we will study about early Babylon. The city and nation of Babylon existed for many centuries in the past. I have divided Babylon into two different historic time periods. There was early Babylon that we will study here. It was the seed or beginning of a one world government. Remember, Genesis is the book of beginnings so we see the beginning of that kind of government in these verses. Then, around the time of the prophet, Daniel, we have later Babylon. Later Babylon used early Babylon as its example to follow so there are many similarities between early and later Babylon.

Later Babylon burned Jerusalem in 586 B.C. and took Hebrew slaves to Babylonia. You can study in
Psalm 137 how they felt.

 Babylon is a symbol of
 mankind's one world political unity
 and
 mankind's spiritual rebellion against God

"And the whole earth was of one language, and of one speech. And it came to pass, as they journeyed from the east, that they found a plain in the land of Shinar; and they dwelt there"
(Genesis 11:1-2).

Let us take a brief look at early Babylon:
The land of Shinar was ancient Babylonia. Whenever you read the words "Chaldeans or Chaldea" in God's word they refer to the Babylonians. Babylon was the capital city and cultural center of the ancient world. Anything was there that one could possibly want. There was good farm land for raising crops and good grazing ground for livestock. There was a flow of money in the area, lots of entertainment, and a place where one could easily make friends. It was a place of religion without God or moral restraints. Sin was considered acceptable and good while righteousness was considered evil and bad. Violence and murder and other evils were common place. There was little love, justice, security, and godly joy. It was a place where Satan felt right at home. Society, in general, seemed to be getting worse all the time. The Apostle Paul, in New Testament times, wrote about this condition of society because it has raised it's evil head (as a serpent) several times during the stay of modern mankind upon this earth:

"For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who hold the truth in unrighteousness; because that which may be known of God is manifest in them; for God hath showed it unto them. For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even his eternal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse: because that, when they knew God, they glorified Him not as God, neither were thankful; but became vain in their imaginations, and their foolish heart was darkened. Professing themselves to be wise, they became fools, and changed the glory of the uncorruptible God into an image made like to corruptible man, and to birds, and fourfooted beasts, and creeping things. Wherefore God also gave them up to uncleanness through the lusts of their own hearts, to dishonour their own bodies between themselves: who changed the truth of God into a lie, and worshipped and served the creature more than the Creator, Who is blessed for ever. Amen. For this cause God gave them up unto vile affections: for even their women did change the natural use into that which is against nature: and likewise also the men, leaving the natural use of the woman, burned in their lust one toward another; men with men working that which is unseemly, and receiving in themselves that recompense of their error which was meet. And even as they did not like to retain God in their knowledge, God gave them over to a reprobate mind, to do those things which are not convenient; being filled with all unrighteousness, fornication, wickedness, covetousness, maliciousness; full of envy, murder, debate, deceit, malignity; whisperers, backbiters, haters of God, despiteful, proud, boasters, inventors of evil things, disobedient to parents, without understanding, covenantbreakers, without natural affection, implacable, unmerciful: who knowing the judgment of God, that they which commit such things are worthy of death, not only do the same, but have pleasure in them that do them"
(Romans 1:18-32).


Who was King Nimrod?
"And Cush begat Nimrod: he began to be a mighty one in the earth. He was a mighty hunter before the Lord: wherefore it is said: even as Nimrod the mighty hunter before the Lord. And the beginning of his kingdom was Babel, and Erech, and Accad, and Calneh, in the land of Shinar. Out of that land went forth Asshur, and builded Nineveh, and the city Rehoboth, and Calah, and Resen between Nineveh and Calah: the same is a great city"
(Genesis 10:8-12).

Babylon in the beginning came into existence when King Nimrod, a world ruler, united the known world (after the great flood). Nimrod hunted lions and that is one of the reasons that the lion became the symbol of ancient Babylon.

Some bible scholars believe that King Nimrod, after his death, was worshipped as the god, Marduk, and also Bel (even later on). Remember, for that same reason, God hid the body of Moses so the Israelites would not be tempted to worship it
(Jude 1:9).

God's will was for all people to scatter across the face of the world and re-populate it. But Nimrod decided to act on Satan's will instead. Nimrod shook his fist of defiance in God's face and had the intention of his heart to build a high tower in the sky that would help unite all of humanity. In my opinion Satan used him and it was the place for Satan to have his throne at that time and the place for him to raise a world empire that was in opposition to God. This disobedience eventually brought about God's judgment.

Babel means "confusion (by mixing)" or "the gate of God". Have you ever noticed that a secret sinner or corrupt politician, like Nimrod, may want to connect the name of God to his or her own work to help give it credibility in the sight of men?

Never be afraid to entrust an UN-known future
to an ALL-knowing God

What was early Babylon like?
Early physical Babylon was known for its emphasis on education. It had great public libraries in each of its chief cities. The city of Erech was known as the City of Books. The temple library found at Nippur by archaeologists contained over 30,000 books (clay tablets).

A large temple of Bel was discovered at Nippur. The Babylonians worshipped this god for hundreds of years. The temples to their gods were used for worship, libraries, schools, banks, and business centers...the gods were the largest landowners in the area. The priests of the god, Bel, at Nippur owned a great part of the city and its lands.

King Nimrod instilled in the early Babylonians a desire for world government. But, after his death, one city (having it's gods) fought against another city (having it's gods). This was before a mighty ruler, Hammurabi (about 2250 B.C.), brought them all together again under one government to form the mighty old Babylonian empire. The city of Babylon was his capital city.

Ancient Babylon was not only known for it's political unity but for it's spiritual rebellion. What kind of rebellion? Satan worship, witchcraft, the use of spells to influence demons (sorcery), astrology, idol worship, child sacrifice, and much more.

  • My web page exposing witchcraft


    Why should we study early Babylon?
    God uses Babylon as a bad example of how things are going to be in our future. The future for mankind will be strewn with difficulties. According to bible prophecy, there is going to arise a New Babylon in our future. The city of ancient Babylon is a type for the new world capital.

    Why should we study the end times?
    There is a lot of interest in this new evil kingdom to come. Why? Because many true Christians feel that the Rapture of the Church will take place just before this New World Babylon comes into being. Therefore it is good for us to study it so we can recognize it before it appears and be prepared for our Lord's coming. But how are we to study it? If we want to see how things are going to be in the future, then we have to study the past. Why? Because human history repeats itself in cycles. As King Solomon put it:

    "That which hath been is now; and that which is to be hath already been; and God requireth that which is past"
    (Ecclesiastes 3:15).

    We know such a kingdom is coming, however, let us stay true to God in these last days as this world goes into turmoil. This is what the bible says:
    "...The Lord is with you, while ye be with Him; and if ye seek Him, He will be found of you; but if ye forsake Him, He will forsake you. Now for a long season Israel hath been without the true God, and without a teaching priest, and without law. But when they in their trouble did turn unto the Lord God of Israel, and sought Him, He was found of them. And in those times there was no peace to him that went out, nor to him that came in, but great vexations were upon all the inhabitants of the countries. And nation was destroyed of nation, and city of city: for God did vex them with all adversity. Be ye strong therefore, and let not your hands be weak: for your work shall be rewarded"
    (2 Chronicles 15:2-7).


    the cycle of history
    history always repeats itself

    We know from studying Revelation Chapter 13 that there is coming a universal dictator, a one world government, and a one world ruling religious leader. All of this in the bible is tied in with references to old Babylon. Why? Because the spiritual pattern set by the old kingdom of Babylon will be the same one used in the creation of the New World Babylon of the future. Oh, the New World Babylon will have a different name but it will still have the same spiritual roots of rebellion against God. So, if we want to study the future, then we must first start by studying the past.

    In other words, the bible indicates that a world ruling empire will raise it's ugly head sometime in our future. It will be so much like the ancient Kingdom of Babylon that it is referred to as "Babylon" in the bible. God does not refer to it as Egypt, Persia, Greece, or Rome, but Babylon. Why Babylon? Because the entire world was politically united to spiritually worship Satan. Under King Nimrod everyone was required to participate in a brand new one world religion by worshipping him and his statue. At the Tower of Babel this statue was an attempt to unite the entire known world in the Spirit of Babylon. This was an exercise to worship falsehood rather than "the Gospel Truth from God". This was religion based on force rather than on love. Later (also in Babylon), King Nebuchadnezzar, built upon the original ideas of King Nimrod- uniting the world politically, and then ordering all to worship Satan via a large golden statue that he had created
    (Daniel 3:1-3). The one world ruling dictator of our future will set up a statue (probably of himself) and command that all worship it
    (Revelation 20:4). But God is going to judge that city and it's citizens for it's wickedness.

    The Apostle John was taken:
    "...in the Spirit into the wilderness. And I saw a woman..."
    In bible symbolism- this immoral woman is a city.
    "...and upon her forehead was a name written: Mystery, Babylon The Great, The Mother of Harlots and Abominations of the Earth..."
    "And the woman which thou sawest is that great city, which reigneth over the kings of the earth" 
    (Revelation 17:5 & 18).

    What is the ultimate fate of the city of New Babylon?
    "...Alas, alas, that great city, that was clothed in fine linen, and purple, and scarlet, and decked with gold, and precious stones, and pearls..."
    "And a mighty angel took up a stone like a great millstone, and cast it into the sea, saying: thus with violence shall that great city Babylon be thrown down, and shall be found no more at all"
    "...by thy sorceries were all nations deceived. And in her was found the blood of prophets, and of saints, and of all that were slain upon the earth"
    (Revelation 18:16 & 21 & 23-24).


    "And they said one to another, go to, let us make brick, and burn them thoroughly. And they had brick for stone, and slime had they for mortar. And they said, go to, let us build us a city and a tower, whose top may reach unto heaven, and let us make us a name, lest we be scattered abroad upon the face of the whole earth. And the Lord came down to see the city and the tower, which the children of men builded"
    (Genesis 11:3-5).

    God looked at the Tower of Babel:
    What did He see? He saw the rebellious heart of mankind. Mankind's new beginning after the flood was not turning out so well for Him.

    What was the Tower of Babel?
    The Tower of Babel was a large ziggurat. It might have been an early pyramid. It was made of brick, solidly constructed, and around it was a walkway that went to the top. In my opinion it was built in defiance to God. It was built as a high place of refuge for many people just in case God ever decided to destroy the world again with another great flood. There mankind could shake his fist of defiance in the face of God and just dare God to try to destroy them that way again.

    It is possible that on top of it were three main items: one was a throne where King Nimrod was lifted up high, another was an altar used for human sacrifices, and another was a large idol- probably of King Nimrod himself. Like King Nebuchadnezzar's Golden Statue (idol) of himself, it was high so everyone could gather around it and render their worship. It is probable that Nimrod would stand on top of this tower as a god and receive their worship. All of humanity in Babylon may have been encouraged to openly sin and be as wicked as they wanted to without having to face God's judgment because Nimrod was their saviour. Therefore, the Tower of Babel was a tower of rebellion against God and it was built in the middle of the city of ancient Babylon. The ruins of Babylon are still there.

    The Tower of Babel is thought to have been built about 100 years after the Great Flood. It was built in ancient Babylon and it's ruins were there for awhile, however, even the ruins are gone today. Only a large hole is there today- it was once a quarry from which to take bricks. God has completely and utterly destroyed it.

    The Tower of Babel is a type of the one world religion of our future. Mankind loved his sinful deeds and enjoyed his spiritual darkness against God. Jesus said:
    "And this is the condemnation, that light is come into the world, and men loved darkness rather than light, because their deeds were evil"
    (John 3:19).

    The Tower of Babel was also a religious place where a great crowd of people could gather together all at once to listen to King Nimrod as he spouted great words of blasphemy against God and against His saints. King Nimrod had an arrogant, defiant, and rebellious spirit against God. In my opinion, he was a type of anti-Christ. The people worshipped the sun, moon, stars, and they worshipped idols and Satan in many different ways (in apostasy).


    Is this what the Tower of Babel looked like?
    It was used for human sacrifice

    How come you say that humans were sacrificed there?
    One archaeologist stated that on the written stone records of that area- human sacrifices are not described although pictures show humans being killed in ritual religious sacrifice.

    And it is common knowledge that human sacrifices ceased for awhile amongst the patriarch Abraham's neighbors, when they found out from Abraham, that God hated human sacrifice. This was after God stopped Abraham from sacrificing his only son, Isaac, on the mountain top
    (Genesis chapter 22).


    "And the Lord said- behold, the people is one, and they have all one language, and this they begin to do- and now nothing will be restrained from them, which they have imagined to do. Go to, let Us go down, and there confound their language, that they may not understand one another's speech."
    "So the Lord scattered them abroad from thence upon the face of all the earth- and they left off to build the city. Therefore is the name of it called Babel; because the Lord did there confound the language of all the earth: and from thence did the Lord scatter them abroad upon the face of all the earth"
    (Genesis 11:6-9).

    The Watchers reported to God:
    God has some specially created beings that help Him govern the affairs of the universe. They are Seraphs (Seraphim) beings and they are called the Watchers. They watch and observe the affairs of Satan and men on earth and then report what they observe to God. We will study more about them further on in Genesis when we see them accompany the preincarnate Lord Jesus in their visit to Abraham
    (Genesis 18:1-2). They took the appearance of men and delivered Lot from the destruction of Sodom. The prophet, Daniel, called them the Watchers
    (Daniel 4:17) and the Apostle John referred to them as Living Beings (zoon in Greek)
    (Revelation 7:11). In the bible book of Revelation, zoon is mistranslated as beasts. Moses called them Messengers (mal'ak in Hebrew) but that word has been mistranslated as angels
    (Genesis 19:1). Here, in this passage of scripture in regards to early Babylon, they are not mentioned. In other words, the mention of them is silent. Why? They work silently behind the scenes with no one on earth, including Satan, the wiser. They take whatever form they want and blend in with the scenery, so to speak. That is why, in symbolism, these beautiful Living Beings appear to have four faces
    (Revelation 4:7). The writer of the bible book of Hebrews stated, "...be not forgetful to entertain strangers- for thereby some have entertained Messengers (angels) unawares"
    (Hebrews 13:2). So, what were the Watchers doing here in early Babylon? They were watching, listening, and reporting it all to God. After God received their reports
    (Job 1:6), He decided to pay a Personal visit to Babylon
    (Genesis 11:5). That is what was happening behind the scenes in this passage of scripture. How is that relevant? God's Watchers are still on the job. They report to God all He needs to know, even though God is omniscient (He knows everything), because the Messengers also recommend certain courses of action to solve certain problems and carry out the orders of General Jesus. That is why they were with Jesus at Abraham's dwelling. They watch the devil, the world, the nation you live in, and they watch you and I for our good and for our protection. We see that in the deliverance of Lot from Sodom City. You are special. God loves you and has a special plan for your life.


    God's holy trinity is not mentioned here:
    The English word, Us, is mis-translated in this verse. That English word previously referred to the Holy Trinity of God but it is not in the original Hebrew text here. The original Hebrew word, `lhym, usually spelled Elohim, is absent. Why did the English translator use the word, Us? Probably, because it is an inferred word or idea based upon the previous two uses of the word
    (Genesis 1:26, 3:22). What Hebrew word for the Lord is used in these four verses? It is the word, Yahweh or Jehovah and not Elohim. What difference does it make? Very little I think except one cannot say there is a hidden number three here based upon the word, Elohim. A hidden number should be based upon the original language of the text. This mis-translation does not mean that the bible has errors in it- rather, it is simply a mis-translation of God's Word from one language to another. Do not let something like that shake your faith in God's Word. There are many translations and paraphrases of God's Word and some are more accurate than others.


    God took action against a one world empire:
    I do not know how God did it but He changed the spoken language of the people. One minute they could understand one another and the next minute they could not. So, I imagine that folks, who understood one another, grouped together and went away together.


    We follow the blood line of Christ from Shem to Abram:
    "These are the generations of Shem:
    Shem was an hundred years old, and begat Arphaxad two years after the flood: and Shem lived after he begat Arphaxad five hundred years, and begat sons and daughters. And Arphaxad lived five and thirty years, and begat Salah: and Arphaxad lived after he begat Salah four hundred and three years, and begat sons and daughters. And Salah lived thirty years, and begat Eber: and Salah lived after he begat Eber four hundred and three years, and begat sons and daughters. And Eber lived four and thirty years, and begat Peleg: and Eber lived after he begat Peleg four hundred and thirty years, and begat sons and daughters. And Peleg lived thirty years, and begat Reu: and Peleg lived after he begat Reu two hundred and nine years, and begat sons and daughters. And Reu lived two and thirty years, and begat Serug: and Reu lived after he begat Serug two hundred and seven years, and begat sons and daughters. And Serug lived thirty years, and begat Nahor: and Serug lived after he begat Nahor two hundred years, and begat sons and daughters. And Nahor lived nine and twenty years, and begat Terah: and Nahor lived after he begat Terah an hundred and nineteen years, and begat sons and daughters. And Terah lived seventy years, and begat Abram, Nahor, and Haran"
    (Genesis 11:10-26).

    General and not specific family lists:
    Moses (the author of Genesis) lists ten generations in Genesis chapter five and ten generations here. Why? It was only a representative (brief genealogical chart) listing of the entire family tree. He probably did this to get his point of logic across to the reader without having to muddle his way through countless names and places that are essentially without meaning to you and I.

    It appears that the family of Shem followed the Lord- generation by generation all the way back to Seth- the godly line. It was a wonderful family legacy. Abram had two brothers: Nahor and Haran. It appears that these brothers also made a commitment and a choice to love and follow the Lord. What a wonderful example they set for us. Let us always try to influence our family members to follow Christ and also leave a godly legacy.

    When Jesus was on this earth, He made a great statement:
    "Before Abraham was, I AM"
    (John 8:58).

    Jesus existed before Abraham was born. In other words, Jesus is telling us that He is God- the Eternally Existent One.


    Abram's family of origin:
    "Now these are the generations of Terah:
    Terah begat Abram, Nahor, and Haran; and Haran begat Lot. And Haran died before his father Terah in the land of his nativity, in Ur of the Chaldees. And Abram and Nahor took them wives: the name of Abram's wife was Sarai; and the name of Nahor's wife, Milcah, the daughter of Haran, the father of Milcah, and the father of Iscah. But Sarai was barren; she had no child. And Terah took Abram his son, and Lot the son of Haran his son's son, and Sarai his daughter in law, his son Abram's wife; and they went forth with them from Ur of the Chaldees, to go into the land of Canaan; and they came unto Haran, and dwelt there. And the days of Terah were two hundred and five years: and Terah died in Haran"
    (Genesis 11:27-32).


    The large city of Ur at that time was a leading city of the world in ancient Babylonia (Chaldees). This larger and general area was also known as Mesopotamia. Ur was famous as a seat of education and learning. It had large walls, and, was at that time, a port city. There was much fertile land where wheat, dates, and other fruits were grown. This city had a political and military influence that extended from the Persian Gulf to the Mediterranean Sea. Unfortunately, it was also a seat of idolatry where 12 major gods were worshipped. The ziggurat at Ur has been excavated by researchers. This ziggurat had been square, terraced upwards, and built only of bricks that were locally made. The name, Ur, means "fire." The name, Chaldea (for Babylonia), means "demons." So the title, Ur of Chaldea, means "the Fire of the Demons." Later, the city was renamed Mugheir or Mugayyar. Abram may have personally known Hammurabi in Ur and influenced Hammurabi to love God and pass his code of laws for the betterment of all persons.

    The name, Terah, has several meanings: "wandering", "to breathe", and "to delay or wait a bit (of time)". If you are wandering around in an unsaved condition, you might want to breathe in the life giving presence of Jesus Christ
    (John 3:8). Do not delay for now is the time for salvation
    (2 Corinthians 6:2; Hebrews 9:27).


    Who was Abram?
    He was a man who was elected or chosen by God. He was called "a friend of God." He was in the Godly family lineage of Seth and the blood line of the Messiah flowed through him eventually to all the nations of the earth. Abram prayed to God, was saved, and worshipped God. He was also called the man of the tent and altar. Abram was a man who could show love, he was a strong community leader, he loved God and had spiritual sensitivity. He was a man of integrity who was well respected. He kept his word so he was a man of honor. Later, he was praised by the kings of 2 different cities for his military glory. If you are a Hebrew or gentile true Christian, we have a grandfather of the spirit that we can look up to in this man.

    There appears to be about 400 years between the Great Flood and birth of Abram. Terah, the father of Abram, at one time in his life, worshipped idols
    (Joshua 24:2).

    Nahor was Abram's brother. The name, Nahor, means "earnest struggle." Who amongst God's children has never had an earnest struggle of their faith?

    Sarai, the wife of Abram, was also his half sister (Genesis 20:12). She was the daughter of Terah by another wife. Marriages between near relatives were allowed in those days except for those who had the same mother.

    Lot was the son of Haran and nephew of Abram. He accompanied Terah from Ur of the Chaldees to Haran
    (Genesis 11:31), and, later, he migrated with Abraham to the land of Canaan
    (Genesis 12:4).

    The Lord called Abraham in Ur (Genesis 11:31; Acts 7:2-4) to leave and to trust Him. He did not know where he was going but stepped out on faith.

    In other words, God lead Abram to leave his city, Ur of the Chaldees (in ancient Babylonia) to go to an unknown land. God would guide Him if he stepped out on faith not knowing where he was going. How many times have you or I had to step out in faith to start a new endeavor? We had to trust God so that it could be accomplished. We might have learned from this experience just how much God loves us, watches over us, protects us, and supplies our needs- not our greeds. That He is ever faithful and will never forsake us. He only has our best interests in mind, even if we cannot see it at the time. Delay does not mean denial.

    So, Abram left Ur with his family and friends and headed west. They only made it to Haran- a little over half way from Ur. From Ur to the Land of Canaan was a journey of approximately 621 kilometers (1,000 miles). Haran, originally spelled Charran or Kharan, means "road" or "mountainous country." This city was on the east to west main highway. Another name meaning for Haran is "parched". How many times have you and I been spiritually parched? Maybe it was like being on a long, hot, dusty road through the desert? Only Christ can satisy our spiritual thirst by giving us living water
    (John 4:10). The city folks in Haran worshipped the moon-god called Sin. I think there could be a sermon developed from this fact if you are a preacher looking for one.

    Abram's relatives settled in the Haran area of Mesopotamia at Padan-aram. Padan-aram means "the plain of Aram".
    (Genesis 25:20, 28:2 & 6). More specifically, some folks thought that Rebekah and later, Rachel, came from the town of Aram-naharaim. This name means "Aram of the two rivers", thought to have been located between the Euphrates and Balih Rivers in northwestern Mesopotamia
    (Genesis 24:10). A river can be a road, so to speak, through the desert. Each of us is faced with a choice of which of two roads to take. What will our choice be?
    (Matthew 7:13-14).

    Since the fall of Adam and Eve, many individuals have asked the question: How can a sinful man please God? Abraham's faith in God is the answer. I believe that is why God has placed this information in His word.


    The end of the Third Dispensation:
    The end of Genesis chapter eleven ends the Third Dispensation for those who are studying the Word of God by this method. The amount of time of this period is not known and is called by theologians the postdiluvian period, meaning "after the flood." This was the Dispensation of Human Government
    (Genesis chapters 8-11). This was the start of human government- the government of mankind by mankind. It could be that God instituted human government. What does that include? It includes capital punishment for premeditated murder and the mandate that mankind was and is responsible to govern the world for God. This dispensation ended in judgment because mankind failed to govern the world correctly. Instead of ruling the world for God, mankind ruled the world for Satan. This dispensation ended in God's judgment: the great dispersion. In this dispensation was
    1) God's covenant with Noah
    2) The re-population of the earth
    3) The Tower of Babel
    4) The great dispersion



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